Material Culture and Technology II

Metallurgy

Moche metallurgy was extremely sophisticated. Moche smiths worked primarily with sheet metal which they hammered into three-dimensional shapes. Copper formed the basis of Moche metallurgy, and smiths created gold-copper and silver-copper alloys. They were also familiar with sweat welding as well as repoussť and casting. Lost wax casting was known but not as commonly used as in other parts of the Andes. Smiths also developed bronze. Objects in metal not only had ritual uses, such as headdresses, masks and jewelry, but also served as weapons, agricultural tools and tweezers, etc.

Weaving

Although few Moche textiles have survived, those that are known are finely woven. Moche weavers were familiar with tapestry, brocade and openwork weaves. Cotton was the most frequently used material, followed by alpaca fiber. Feathers were often used to decorate textiles, especially headdresses and mantles.

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